Preface to the Adapted Edition

About the Adapting Authors

Preface

Chapter 0 Introduction to Transport Phenomena

- What are the Transport Phenomena?
- Mechanisms of Transport Phenomena
- Three Levels at Which Transport Phenomena can be Studied
- The Concept of a Continuum
- Conservation Laws: Mass, Momentum, and Energy

Part 1: Momentum Transport

Chapter 1 Viscosity and the Mechanisms of Momentum Transport

- Molecular Momentum Transport
- Convective Momentum Transport
- Pressure and Temperature Dependence of Viscosity
- Molecular Theory of the Viscosity of Gases at Low Density
- Molecular Theory of the Viscosity of Liquids
- Viscosity of Suspensions and Emulsions

Chapter 2 Shell Momentum Balances and Velocity Distributions in Laminar Flow

- Shell Momentum Balances and Boundary Conditions
- Flow of a Falling Film on an Inclined Flat Plate
- Flow Through a Vertical Circular Tube
- Flow Through an Annulus
- Flow of Two Adjacent Immiscible Fluids
- Laminar Slit Flow with Stationary and with a Moving Wall (“Plane Couette Flow”)
- Flow Around a Sphere

Chapter 3 The Equations of Change for Isothermal Systems

- The Equation of Continuity
- The Equation of Motion
- The Equation of Angular Momentum
- The Equations of Change in terms of the Substantial Derivative
- Simplified Forms of the Equation of Motion
- Use of the Equations of Change to Solve Flow Problems
- Dimensional Analysis of the Equations of Change

Chapter 4 Velocity Distributions with More Than One Independent Variable

- Two Dimensional and Time-Dependent Flow of Newtonian Fluids
- Solving Flow Problems Using a Stream Function Vorticity Stream Function and Streamlines
- Flow of Inviscid Fluids by Use of the Velocity Potential
- Flow Near Solid Surfaces by Boundary-Layer Theory

Chapter 5 Velocity Distributions in Turbulent Flow

- Comparisons of Laminar and Turbulent Flows
- Time-Smoothed Equations of Change for Incompressible Fluids
- The Time-Smoothed Velocity Profile Near a Wall
- Empirical Expressions for the Turbulent Momentum Flux
- Turbulent Flow in Ducts
- Turbulent Flow in Jets

Chapter 6 Interphase Transport in Isothermal Systems

- Definition of Friction Factors
- Friction Factors for Flow in Tubes
- Friction Factors for Flow Around Spheres
- Friction Factors for Packed Columns

Chapter 7 Non-Newtonian Liquids

- Examples of the Behavior of Polymeric Liquids
- Rheometry and Material Functions
- Non-Newtonian Viscosity and the Generalized Newtonian Models
- Elasticity and the Linear Viscoelastic Models

Part 2: Energy Transport

Chapter 8 Thermal Conductivity and the Mechanisms of Energy Transport

- Molecular Energy Transport
- Temperature and Pressure Dependence of Thermal Conductivity
- Theory of Thermal Conductivity of Gases at Low Density
- Theory of Thermal Conductivity of Liquids
- Thermal Conductivity of Solids
- Effective Thermal Conductivity of Composite Solids
- Convective Transport of Energy
- Work Associated with Molecular Motions
- Radiative Transport of Energy

Chapter 9 Shell Energy Balances and Temperature Distributions in Solids and Laminar Flow

- Shell Energy Balances; Boundary Conditions
- Heat Conduction through Composite Walls
- Heat Conduction in a Cooling Fin
- Heat Conduction from a Sphere to a Stagnant Fluid
- Heat Conduction with a Nuclear Heat Source
- Heat Conduction with an Electrical Heat Source
- Heat Conduction with a Viscous Heat Source
- Heat Conduction with a Chemical Reaction Heat Source
- Forced Convection
- Free Convection

Chapter 10 The Equations of Change for Nonisothermal Systems

- The Energy Equation
- The Equation of Mechanical Energy
- Special Forms of the Energy Equation
- The Boussinesq Equation of Motion for Forced and Free Convection
- Use of the Equations of Change to Solve Steady-State Problems
- Dimensional Analysis of the Equations of Change for Nonisothermal Systems

Chapter 11 Temperature Distributions with More Than One Independent Variable

- Unsteady Heat Conduction in Solids
- Steady Heat Conduction in Laminar, Incompressible Flow
- Steady Potential Flow of Heat in Solids
- Boundary Layer Theory for Nonisothermal Flow

Chapter 12 Temperature Distributions in Turbulent Flow

- Time-Smoothed Equations of Change for Incompressible Nonisothermal Flow
- The Time-Smoothed Temperature Profile Near a Wall
- Empirical Expressions for the Turbulent Heat Flux Eddy Thermal Conductivity The Mixing-Length Expression of Prandtl and Taylor
- Temperature Distribution for Turbulent Flow in Tubes
- Temperature Distribution for Turbulent Flow in Jets
- Fourier Analysis of Energy Transport in Tube Flow at Large Prandtl Numbers

Chapter 13 Interphase Transport in Nonisothermal Systems

- Definitions of Heat Transfer Coefficients
- Analytical Calculations of Heat Transfer Coefficients for Forced Convection Through Tubes and Slits
- Heat Transfer Coefficients for Forced Convection in Tubes
- Heat Transfer Coefficients for Forced Convection around Submerged Objects
- Heat Transfer Coefficients for Forced Convection through Packed Beds
- Heat Transfer Coefficients for Free and Mixed Convection
- Heat Transfer Coefficients for Condensation of Pure Vapors on Solid Surfaces

Chapter 14 Energy Transport by Radiation

- The Spectrum of Electromagnetic Radiation
- Absorption and Emission at Solid Surfaces

- Planck’s Distribution Law, Wien’s Displacement Law, and the Stefan–Boltzmann Law
- Direct Radiation Between Black Bodies in Vacuo at Different Temperatures
- Radiation Between Nonblack Bodies at Different Temperatures
- Radiant Energy Transport in Absorbing Media

Part 3: Mass Transport

Chapter 15 Diffusivity and the Mechanisms of Mass Transport

- Molecular Mass Transport

- Temperature and Pressure Dependence of Diffusivities
- Theory of Diffusion in Gases at Low Density
- Theory of Diffusion in Binary Liquids
- Theory of Diffusion in Colloidal Suspensions
- Theory of Diffusion of Polymers
- Mass and Molar Transport by Convection
- Summary of Mass and Molar Fluxes
- The Maxwell–Stefan Equations for Multicomponent Diffusion in Gases at Low Density

Chapter 16 Concentration Distributions in Solids and in Laminar Flow

- Shell Mass Balances; Boundary Conditions

- Diffusion Through a Stagnant Gas Film
- Diffusion with a Heterogeneous Chemical Reaction
- Diffusion with a Homogeneous Chemical Reaction
- Diffusion into a Falling Liquid Film (Gas Absorption)
- Diffusion into a Falling Liquid Film (Solid Dissolution)
- Diffusion and Chemical Reaction Inside a Porous Catalyst
- Diffusion in a Three-Component Gas System

Chapter 17 Equations of Change for Multicomponent Systems

- The Equations of Continuity for a Multicomponent Mixture
- Summary of the Multicomponent Equations of Change
- Summary of the Multicomponent Fluxes
- Use of the Equations of Change for Mixtures
- Dimensional Analysis of the Equations of Change

Chapter 18 Concentration Distributions with More Than One Independent Variable

- Time-Dependent Diffusion
- Steady-State Transport in Binary Boundary Layers
- Steady-State Boundary Layer Theory for Flow Around Objects
- Boundary Layer Mass Transport with Complex Interfacial Motion
- “Taylor Dispersion” In Laminar Tube Flow

Chapter 19 Concentration Distributions in Turbulent Flow

- Concentration Fluctuations and the Time-Smoothed Concentration
- Time-Smoothing of the Equation of Continuity of A
- Semi-Empirical Expressions for the Turbulent Mass Flux Eddy Diffusivity
- Enhancement of Mass Transfer by a First-Order Reaction in Turbulent Flow
- Turbulent Mixing and Turbulent Flow with Second-Order Reaction

Chapter 20 Interphase Transport in Nonisothermal Mixtures

- Definition of Transfer Coefficients in One Phase

- Analytical Expressions for Mass Transfer Coefficients
- Correlation of Binary Transfer Coefficients in One Phase
- Definition of Transfer Coefficients in Two Phases
- Mass Transfer and Chemical Reactions
- Combined Heat and Mass Transfer by Free Convection
- Effects of Interfacial Forces on Heat and Mass Transfer
- Transfer Coefficients at High Net Mass Transfer Rates
- Matrix Approximations for Multicomponent Mass Transport

Chapter 21 Macroscopic Balances for Multicomponent Systems

- The Macroscopic Mass Balances

- The Macroscopic Momentum and Angular Momentum Balances
- The Macroscopic Energy Balance
- The Macroscopic Mechanical Energy Balance
- Estimation of the Viscous Loss
- Use of the Macroscopic Balances to Solve Steady-State Problems
- se of the Macroscopic Balances to Solve Unsteady-State Problems

Chapter 22 Other Mechanisms for Mass Transport

- The Equation of Change for Entropy

- The Flux Expressions for Heat and Mass
- Concentration Diffusion and Driving Forces
- Applications of the Generalized Maxwell–Stefan Equations
- Mass Transfer Across Selectively Permeable Membranes
- Mass Transport in Porous Media
- Ion Fluxes and Nernst-Planck Equation

Part 4: Computational Transport Phenomena

Chapter 23 Introduction to Computational Transport Phenomena

- Importance of the Computational Transport Phenomena

- Strategy of the Computational Transport Phenomena
- System Geometry and Discretization
- Solution Methodology
- Software Packages and Illustration Examples

Appendix A: Vector and Tensor Notation

- Vector Operations from a Geometrical Viewpoint

- Vector Operations in Terms of Components
- Tensor Operations in Terms of Components
- Vector and Tensor Differential Operations
- Vector and Tensor Integral Theorems
- Vector and Tensor Algebra in Curvilinear Coordinates
- Differential Operations in Curvilinear Coordinates
- Integral Operations in Curvilinear Coordinates
- Further Comments on Vector–Tensor Notation

Appendix B: The Fluxes and the Equations of Change

- Newton’s Law of Viscosity

- Fourier’s Law of Heat Conduction
- Fick’s (First) Law of Binary Diffusion
- The Equation of Continuity
- The Equation of Motion in Terms of t
- Equation of Motion for a Newtonian Fluid with Constant ρ and μ
- The Dissipation Function Φv for Newtonian Fluids
- The Equation of Energy in Terms of q
- The Equation of Energy for Pure Newtonian Fluids with Constant ρ and k
- The Equation of Continuity for Species α in Terms of ja
- The Equation of Continuity for Species A in Terms of ωA for Constant ρ $AB

Appendix C: Mathematical Topics

- Some Ordinary Differential Equations and their Solutions

- Expansions of Functions in Taylor Series
- Differentiation of Integrals (The Leibniz Formula)
- The Gamma Function
- The Hyperbolic Functions
- The Error Function

Appendix D: The Kinetic Theory of Gases

- The Boltzmann Equation

- The Equations of Change
- The Molecular Expressions for the Fluxes
- The Solution to the Boltzmann Equation
- The Fluxes in Terms of the Transport Properties
- The Transport Properties in Terms of the Intermolecular Forces
- Concluding Comments

Appendix E: Tables for Prediction of Transport Properties

Appendix F: Constants and Conversion Factors

- Mathematical Constants

- Physical Constants
- Conversion Factors

Author Index

Subject Index